In the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land. Thus, forty-nine years have passed since the first settlers penetrated the land, the first so claimed being the large and most happy isle called Hispaniola, which is six hundred leagues in circumference. Around it in all directions are many other islands, some very big, others very small, and all of them were, as we saw with our own eyes, densely populated with native peoples called Indians. This large island was perhaps the most densely populated place in the world.
Walers to the Dutch East Indies - The Dutch East Indies is now Indonesia. It was the Dutch East Indies in our horse trade days. The Netherlands is but a few hundred years old; the Indies a few million.
A lot of horse magic is woven into your culture and very being when you've kept horses that long.
Each island has its horse types. They ride like gods. Magic is practised on many islands. After Indonesia got its independence, they too bought horses from us, a small but good trade with great horse people whose ponies we had bought in the past to develop the Waler.
Kuda horses on Sumba source, this good blog on the lesser Sundas Island ponies and horses were used by the Dutch - Javanese ponies and bigger ones from Sulawasi, as well as getting them directly from Australia. Ponies from the Lesser Sundas were used towards the end of the eighteenth century, by which time the Dutch had gained all shipping rights - Arabs had until then been the chief traders in those areas.
The Arab traders had trading posts throughout Indonesia and even had horse stalls attached to their house on Sumba - they bought many ponies, which were a valuable trading commodity for lush horse raising islands.
Waler horses and ponies were bought by the Dutch from Flores was bought from the Portuguese inthe Dutch payingflorins.
A condition of the sale was that religious tolerance must be observed as the local kingdoms comprised Catholics, Muslims and animist beliefs, all living in harmony.
The cavalry in decided to go over to bigger horses for various reasons, being exclusively mounted on Walers by At that stage the cavalry at Batavia consisted of about mounted soldiers. In 1, horses were in use by the army according to the book Breeds of Empire.
Mountain Battery source The cavalry, usually up to 1, remounts, was based in four main garrisons on Java at Bantung, Batavia, Salatiga and Malang.
There were other units mostly for ceremonial uses at Soerakarta and Yogyakarta. The Mountain Battery often had more ponies than horses, and usually kept a total of about More horses and ponies were needed as baggage carriers for infantry - a battalion needed horses to carry their loads.
A British War Department document has the latter info. Elephants were bought for baggage carrying. This was better as they could carry out inspections when they wanted. Sophisticated horse hospital, city of Bogor Buitenzorg in Dutchwest Java, circa There had been 3 horse vets inby there were 12, and they also had good horse hospitals and up to 70 horse nursing staff in each.
The military vets were also keen members of the Veterinary Association of the Netherlands East Indies, created in They gave horse shoeing demonstrations and added to the knowledge and treatment of horse diseases, plus helped select the right fodder and new remounts - sometimes travelling to Australia for this.
He recommended them and bought many himself. General Pieter Scholten and adjutant, circa WW2. Scholten was based in Solo also called SurakartaJava. Mostly stallions and mares were bought, it was said the Dutch cavalry would not ride geldings, but probably many of these horses were intended for breeding than cavalry.
Considering the Indies bought a lot of horses, yet the cavalry was often on local ponies, one wonders if the Australian horses were also shipped to Holland for breeding. The amounts of horses being bought for military purposes supplied the East Indies army throughout the islands, e.
Sumatra too - hence the large numbers. In one shipload inwe sent artillery horses over for example.I. THE SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice defines the sources of international law.
Feb 09, · Excerpts from “A Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies” | 43 Comments. Download and read these excerpts from Bartolemé de las Casas’s A Brief History of the Devastation of the Indies. and to swell themselves with riches in a very brief time and thus rise to a high estate disproportionate to their merits.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Aug 12, · The Very Brief Relation of the Devastation of the Indies is a fairly early political tract—scarcely more than a pamphlet—written about America.
Hardly the first political writing published in Spain, but one of the first and perhaps the first important one written about the then-New World. I. THE WHOLE TRINITY, each in His separate office, though all in unity, addressed themselves to the work of creation.
The Holy Spirit brooded over the watery chaos. 2. The Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, was that power, or "Arm of the Lord," by which the whole work was executed. Spirituality and Science are both valid!
Our coverage of the Faith versus Reason Debate begins with a brief overview of the Spirituality taught by Christianity and of the, highly similar, Spiritualities upheld by ALL of the non-Christian World Religions.