Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans. Also, the group selectionists tend to declare victory, and write as if their theory has already superseded a narrow, reductionist dogma that selection acts only at the level of genes. The more carefully you think about group selection, the less sense it makes, and the more poorly it fits the facts of human psychology and history.
Introduction The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so. But that topic is broached via a sketch of some earlier Western metaphilosophies.
Once that sketch is in hand, the article defines the notion of metaphilosophy and distinguishes between explicit and implicit metaphilosophy. Then there is a consideration of how metaphilosophies might be categorized and an outline of the course of the remainder of the article.
Some Pre-Twentieth Century Metaphilosophy Socrates believed that the unexamined life — the unphilosophical life — was not worth living PlatoApology, 38a. Indeed, Socrates saw his role as helping to rouse people from unreflective lives.
According to Aristotlephilosophy begins in wonder, seeks the most fundamental causes or principles of things, and is the least necessary but thereby the most divine of sciences Metaphysics, book alpha, sections 1—3. Later philosophers continued and even intensified the stress on philosophical practicality.
The Roman Cicero held that to study philosophy is to prepare oneself for death. The idea that philosophy is the handmaiden of theology, earlier propounded by the Hellenistic thinker Philo of Alexandriais most associated with the medieval age and particularly with Aquinas.
Aquinas resumed the project of synthesizing Christianity with Greek philosophy - a project that had been pursued already by various thinkers including AugustineAnselmand Boethius. Boethius was a politician inspired by philosophy — but the politics ended badly for him.
Contemporary Metaphilosophy. What is philosophy? What is philosophy for? How should philosophy be done? These are metaphilosophical questions, metaphilosophy being the study of the nature of philosophy. Durkheim developed the concept of anomie later in Suicide, published in In it, he explores the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, explaining that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. Social MovementsI. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS Rudolf HeberleII. THE STUDY OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS Joseph R. GusfieldThe articles under this heading survey and analyze the general features of social movements and describe various approaches to their study.
In those respects he resembles the earlier Seneca. And, like Seneca, Boethius wrote of the consolations of philosophy.
Is philosophy a process or a product? What kind of knowledge can philosophy attain? How should one understand philosophical disagreement? Is philosophy historical in some special or deep way?
Should philosophy make us better people? What method s and types of evidence suit philosophy? How should philosophy be written presuming it should be written at all? Is philosophy, in some sense, over — or should it be? But how might one define metaphilosophy?
One definition owes to Morris Lazerowitz. One alternative definition construes metaphilosophy as the philosophy of philosophy. Sometimes that definition intends this idea: That idea itself comes in two versions. The thought here is this.
Metaphilosophy, as the application of philosophy to philosophy itself, is simply one more instance of philosophy Wittgenstein Metaphilosophy stands to philosophy as philosophy stands to its subject matter or to other disciplines Reschersuch that, as Williamson puts it loc.
On this definition, metaphilosophy is post-philosophy.
|An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.||References and Further Reading 1.|
|Sorry! Something went wrong!||Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not.|
|Science and society booklist||References and Further Reading 1. Biography Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno was born in to relatively affluent parents in central Germany.|
Indeed, those construals have little content until after one has a considerable idea of what philosophy is. Such indeed is a third possible reading of the philosophy-of-philosophy construal. Now, just what does so pertain is moot; and there is a risk of being too unaccommodating.
Explicit and Implicit Metaphilosophy Explicit metaphilosophy is metaphilosophy pursued as a subfield of, or attendant field to, philosophy.
Metaphilosophy so conceived has waxed and waned. In the early twenty-first century, it has waxed in Europe and in the Anglophone English-speaking world.Unlike structural theorists, social action theorists argue that people’s behaviour and life-chances are not determined by their social background.
Instead, social action theorists emphasises the role of the active individual and interactions between people in shaping personal identity and in Continue reading →.
Introduction. Social Theory and Social Structure is a landmark work by Robert King Merton first published in It is one of the most frequently cited works in the social sciences as it is a collection of theories and insights within structural – functional paradigm.
Postcolonial Sociology (Political Power and Social Theory) [Julian Go] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Postcolonial theory has enjoyed wide influence in the humanities but for social science, and in particular sociology.
I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans.
"Three decades after the publication of his classic essay on power, Lukes has pulled off one of the rarest feats in social science. He has written a new and better edition of a classic. Durkheim developed the concept of anomie later in Suicide, published in In it, he explores the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, explaining that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates.